Individual Differences in Within-Person Variability in Personality Positively Predict Economic Gains and Satisfaction in Negotiations
By Nils Myszkowski in Within-Person variability Negotiation Personality Item-Response Theory
What it’s about
In this paper, we study how within-person variability (the tendency of a person to vary in personality) predicts success in negotiations.
Prior research on the value of personality traits for predicting negotiation outcomes is rather inconclusive. Building on prior research and in light of recent personality and negotiation theories, we discuss why the traditional approach to personality traits has had limited success and propose an alternative approach to predicting negotiation outcomes from personality assessments. More specifically, we argue that negotiations are tasks in which performance is conditioned by the ability to adjust one’s mental states and behaviors according to situational demands. We therefore hypothesize that it is especially individual differences in within-person variability in personality – that is, the variability trait – that can be expected to predict negotiation outcomes, rather than individual differences in average traits. We show in two empirical studies involving dyads that the variability trait is indeed a better predictor of economic gains and satisfaction than average traits. Implications for theory, education, and practice are discussed.
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- Posted on:
- March 17, 2022
- 1 minute read, 186 words
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